Bylaws Chapter II
Election and Tenure of Officers and Councilors
1. The officers shall be elected by the International Council to serve the following terms:
a. The Secretary and the Treasurer, whether or not one person holds both offices, shall be elected for a term of four (4) years with the possibility of renewal.
b. All other officers shall be elected for terms of two (2) years, with the possibility of renewal.
c. The term of each office shall commence on the first day of the second month following the adjournment of the meeting at which the officer was elected provided, however, that should it be necessary to prevent an unoccupied office an officer shall serve until his/her successor is elected and qualified.
d. The President-elect at the conclusion of his/her term shall become President. In general, the person holding the role of President-elect should reflect the geographical diversity of the Divisions and Assemblies and usually the role should not be held by a member of the same Division or Assembly on consecutive occasions.
e. A Vice-President may succeed himself in office without limitation.
f. The Secretary and the Treasurer, whether or not one person holds both offices, may succeed himself in one or both offices without limitation.
g. Except that the offices of the Secretary and the Treasurer may be held by one person, no person shall simultaneously hold two (2) offices.
h. The Chair of the Education Committee and the Editor of the International Pathology (IAP Bulletin) shall be ex-officio (non-voting) officers.
Should any office other than that of President or that of President-elect become vacant, the office shall be filled by the Executive Committee for the remainder of the term. If the office of President shall become vacant, the President-elect shall thereupon become President for the unexpired term, provided that such service shall not affect such person becoming President upon adjournment of the next regular meeting of the International Council. In the event that the office of President becomes vacant at a time when the office of President-elect is also vacant, the Executive Committee shall fill the office of President for the remainder of the term.
Those persons who shall be Councilors on the International Council as provided in Article IV, Paragraph 2 of the Constitution, shall be selected by the several Divisions by such procedures as shall be prescribed in their respective bylaws. The number of Councilors that each Division shall select shall be based on the number of members in that Division as reflected on the roll of its members to be kept on file in the office of the Secretary, the ratio of the number of members to the number of Councilors to be as follows:
a. 25 to and including 100 members 1 Councilor
b. 101 to and including 500 members 2 Councilors
c. 501 to and including 1000 members 3 Councilors
d. 1001 to and including 2000 members 4 Councilors
e. 2001 to and including 3000 members 5 Councilors
f. 3001 or more members 6 Councilors.
Each Councilor shall serve for a term of not less than two (2) years from the date of his/her selection and thereafter until his/her successor shall be selected and qualified.
At any meeting of the International Council the Secretary upon the request of any member of the Council present shall report the number of Councilors to which each Division is entitled and if requested read the names of the Councilors from any one or more Division.
Should the qualifications of any Councilor to serve on the Council be challenged by any member of the Academy, such challenge shall be submitted electronically or in writing to the Secretary accompanied by evidence electronically or in writing in support of the grounds of such challenge, and the President, after the Secretary shall report to him/her such challenge, shall make a ruling supporting or rejecting such challenge which ruling shall be final and binding on all persons and should the ruling support the challenger, the member challenged shall cease to be a member of the Council as of the date of the ruling.